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  • File Formats For Images by Megan Turner
File Formats For Images by Megan Turner

GIF File:

A GIF file is found on the internet and can be downloaded on even low file size. GIF files are made up of layers and the image becomes pixelated when zoomed in making it not as clear. An advantage of a GIF file is that as it has a small file size it can be viewed online and will load quickly. The disadvantages of a GIF file is that the images can look pixelated which makes it appear bad quality and you cannot edit once you have saved an animation as a GIF.

PNG File:

A PNG is an image that has better quality than a GIF file for example, with the image and colour the quality looks improved and less pixelated. The image doesn’t lose quality over time like a JPEG and has a wide range of colours that are at a better quality than a GIF.  A disadvantage of PNG is that it doesn’t support animations and unlike TIFF you cannot have multiple images saved.

JPEG File:

A JPEG file has a single layer and can be used for animation, this is also found on the internet. A JPEG can be opened almost anywhere on the internet a lot like a GIF, it takes up a small file size and ca be opened on things such as a computer and phone. Over time the saved image will lose quality and the pixels may become blurred once saved.

.AI File:

.AI stands for Adobe Illustrator File which is a file extension, it is used to create graphics. The images can be made smaller and bigger without losing detail or pixelating which is a great advantage of using this file format but it needs to be used on specialist software which limits where it can be viewed.

SWF File:

Graphics can be easily scaled using a SWF file, and can be fit onto different sized screens and zoomed in. There are a lot of effects and is easy to use. It is vector based and is fast at loading but it is only view able in browser windows and flash programs.

PSD File:

PSD is commonly know as PhotoShop. On PhotoShp you can view and edit images and add layers. The images can be saved as, with transparent backgrounds which makes it a lot easier to edit but a disadvantage of it is that it takes up a large file size and can be only opened in PhotoShop.

PDF File:

PDF stands for Portable Document Formats and it allows you to read electronic documents. It is displayed as the printed form page by page and it is the easiest way or sharing and transferring documents. The documents hardly take up file size and the file format prevents documents from being edited and printed. The disadvantage of this is that it is not easy to edit document format compared to doc or docx and also you must have Adobe Reader to use PDF.

CDR File:

CDR is a graphics design program called Corel Draw. It is an extension for a vector graphics file. CDR is a very handy software which you can edit and change the content and images but when accessing the format you need to have downloaded a specialist software to use it.

TIFF File:

TIFF is used for desktop publishing as the documents are saved often as TIFFs. TIFF files can be saved multiple times which is found helpful when editing more or differently. The disadvantage of this is that cannot be opened like a JPEG and also takes up a large file size.

PXR File:

PXR which is also known as Pixar, it is used to create animations in 3D and 2D and allows you to edit images in this way. The advantages are that it has a good animation system that can make the images move able and realistic and also the quality of the images created are good and in HD. The file size is extremely large which takes up a lot of file space and it cannot be uploaded onto the internet or used on the internet which can be found as a disadvantage.